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Everglades Water Conservation Areas

Palm Beach, Broward and Miami-Dade counties


Water Conservation Areas (WCA) 2 and 3 are two sections of northern Everglades habitat that are managed for multiple uses. Health advisories related to consumption of fish, especially bass, gar and bowfin are in effect for the area. The WCAs were designated primarily to receive flood waters from adjacent areas and store them for beneficial municipal, urban, and agricultural uses. The Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWC) currently manages the fish and wildlife in these areas. Both areas have continually provided superior fishing throughout the years. Largemouth bass is the most sought after species, and when waters levels are right, provide anglers with some of the highest catch rates in the state. Other popular species readily caught include bluegill, redear sunfish, pickerel, oscar, and Mayan cichlid. The majority of fishing pressure takes place during the winter and spring months when water levels are typically dropping, which concentrates fish into the perimeter canals. When water levels are up, anglers have access to vast marsh systems for a different type of angling experience.

WCA Water Levels

Low water levels tend to push fish out of the marsh and concentrate them in the bordering canals. Recent analyses of historical data indicate that the larger the drop in water level, the stronger the "push" of fish into the canals.

Water Conservation Area 2 encompasses 210 square miles and is located in western Palm Beach and Broward counties. The majority of fishing takes place within the L-35B and L-38E canals which are each approximately 12 miles long. Main access for this area is the Sawgrass Recreation Area, located two miles north of Alligator Alley (SR84) on U.S. 27. Current fishing information, as well as a guide service, camping, food, boat rental, fishing licenses, and bait and tackle can be found there (telephone number 954-389-0202).

The 915 square mile WCA-3 is located in western Broward and Dade counties, just south of WCA-2 and north of Everglades National Park. Many miles of canals run around and through the area, including the L-67A, L-67C, Miami, and Tamiami canals. All are accessible by boat and the Tamiami Canal has abundant bank access. In a joint project, the FWC and the South Florida Water Management District constructed eight boat trails off the L-67A Canal to provide anglers access to the marsh areas (when water levels are high enough) for "flats" fishing. 

Many of the canals can be accessed at Holiday Park Recreation Area (telephone number 954-434-8111). Amenities there include fishing guides, boat rentals, camping, food, bait and tackle, and the sale of fishing licenses. Other access points to WCA-3 are boat ramps along Alligator Alley, Tamiami Trail (SR41), and at Mack's Fish Camp (305-822-5033) which is located on Krome Ave., one-half mile south of U.S. 27. The L-67A Canal runs from Holiday Park Recreation Area to the S-333 spillway at Tamiami Trail. Those anglers wanting to try their luck in WCA-2 will find access at Sawgrass Recreation Area, two miles north of SR84 along U.S. 27. Twenty-five miles of canals and their associated marsh can be found there. Also see our Water Conservation Areas Brochure for a map and additional fishing information.

A regional map is available courtesy of the South Florida Water Management District where you can also find real-time water stage information and other useful facts.

The rainy season has arrived in South Florida; water levels and temperatures are rising. The water level in WCA3 in L-67A is 9.83 ft. (NGVD) and water level in WCA2 is 13.05 ft. (NGVD). This time of year, fishing enthusiasts should focus on fishing the transitional zones leading into the marshes as fish will be leaving the canals and heading for the marsh regions. Still watch water depths with some regions potentially having lower water levels and hard access. Please remember that displaying a 10x12 inch orange flag 10 feet above the bottom of the hull is required for all vessels entering the marsh

 The best time to fish for Largemouth Bass is early mornings when temperatures are the coolest before they seek deeper cooler water. Anglers preferring lures should make long casts with crankbaits or plastics parallel to shoreline vegetation for Largemouth Bass. Fishing in the flats in the dense march vegetation weedless presentations should be used. Floating soft plastics, such as ten-inch ribbon tail worms fished below the surface are effective. Texas-rigged, lightly weighted worm fished in deeper pockets can also produce fish. Butterfly Peacock Bass should bite aggressively throughout the day and are attracted to hard plastics, spinnerbaits, and live bait (shiners, or minnows). Oscars, Bluegill, Redear Sunfish and Mayan Cichlids should bite well into the summer. Anglers using light tackle with live bait (crickets or worms) or casting small spinners have the best luck for a potential mixed bag of fish species. Cichlids (Mayans and Oscar) are plentiful on the edges in the vegetations in the canals using about anything to catch them. Staying in one place is not recommended. Try changing fishing spots to locating fish before stay there for a while. If the bite stops continue moving until you find more fish. Remember to keep an eye out for changing weather, and bring plenty of water and sunscreen.

Popular Species

Popular Sport Fish Species

Fish graphics by Duane Raver, Jr. and Diane Rome Peebles

More species information is available for:

Largemouth bass, Bluegill, Redear sunfish, Peacock bass, Oscar, Mayan cichlid

FWC Trophy Catch Logo

TrophyCatch Tracker

TrophyCatch is FWC's citizen-science program that rewards anglers for documenting and releasing trophy bass 8 pounds or larger. The following TrophyCatch bass have been submitted from the Everglades Water Conservation Areas:

Lunker Club (8 – 9.9 pounds): 5