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Holmes, Walton and Washington counties

Whatachee River

The Choctawhatchee River is Florida's third largest river system in terms of water volume discharged. Originating in the southern portion of Alabama, the Choctawhatchee River flows approximately 96 miles from the Alabama state line into Choctawhatchee Bay.

In general, anglers will enjoy the greatest success fishing when water levels are low and the river is within its banks. Nice stringers of bluegill and redear Sunfish (shellcracker) are caught off the spawning beds in the spring and along river banks lined with deadfalls and snags the rest of the year. Crickets and wigglers are good baits for panfishing. Many local anglers swear by the catalpa worm, which can be frozen in clear corn syrup and used throughout the year. Try fishing the mid to upper reaches of the river system for your bigger bream. When the weather becomes hot, avoid backwater slough areas that may become low in dissolved oxygen, as the fish will move out of these areas. Try fishing at confluences where there is some exchange of water from the main stem. Largemouth bass are commonly caught on crankbaits, spinnerbaits and artificial worms throughout the river system. Big bass can usually be found around treetops and snags in the mid and upper reaches of the river and along the sawgrass flats down by the mouth.

Sunshine bass (hybrid striped bass) and striped bass fishing is excellent in the spring and fall throughout the lower end of the river. Preferred baits include finger Mullet, live shad and shad-like lures. The best fishing is on the out-going tide at dusk or dawn. Areas to target include sandbars and points in the river. Bag and size limits for striped bass follow those for Northwest Florida: The bag limit for stripers, hybrids, and white bass is 20 fish per day, aggregate, but only three may be striped bass and striped bass must be a minimum of 18 inches total length. There is no minimum length limit for hybrids or white bass.

Boating access points along the Choctawhatchee River include US 90 (Caryville) and SR 20 (Ebro). There are several boat landings and a bait shop along River Road off SR 20 (east of Bruce). For access to the lower river take US 331 south of Freeport and go left on SR 394 about a mile and look for the signs.

Holmes Creek, a major spring-fed tributary of the Choctawhatchee, offers some excellent fishing. Several bream species can be found in abundance including longear sunfish, spotted sunfish (stumpknockers), redbreast sunfish and warmouth. Big redear sunfish (shellcrackers) can be caught along the channel side of water lily beds. The newly described Choctaw Bass (a relative of the Largemouth Bass, previously described as a Spotted Bass) can be caught in Holmes Creek and the upper Choctawhatchee River above Hwy. 20 using baits similar to those used for largemouth bass. There is a 12 inch minimum length limit for Choctaw Bass. Catch and release is recommended for Choctaw Bass since it is a unique bass restricted to streams in lower Alabama and the Florida panhandle. Please visit for more information regarding the Choctaw bass.

There are several boating access point along SR 277 (Vernon) and SR 79. There are a few canoe, kayak, and stand up paddleboard rental and shuttle options for Holmes Creek:

Snaggy Bend Outfitters (850-535-2004)

Holmes Creek Canoe Livery (850-210-7001)

Old Cypress Canoe (850-388-2072)

Local information on these rivers and their fishes may be obtained from the Division of Freshwater Fisheries Management, Northwest Regional Office (850-265-3676).

Striped Bass and Sunshine Bass fishing should be in full swing January through March. Most Striped Bass and Sunshine Bass will move into the lower river and the bay during the winter months. Good fishing spots can be found along deep holes in Pine Log Creek, Black Creek, and Mitchell River. The best bet to catch some nice striped bass or sunshine bass is to use live bait (finger Mullet, Menhaden, or Shad) fished on the bottom with a Carolina rig. Many anglers watch for fish striking the surface and then cast into the schools of baitfish. If using artificial lures use baits that mimic the size and color of the baitfish present. Artificial baits such as 3"- 5" inch shad colored shad raps and rat-L-traps are good bets as well as in-line white spinners. The bag limit for stripers, hybrids, and White Bass is 20 fish per day, aggregate, but only three may be Striped Bass that must be 18 inches in length. There is no size limit for hybrid Striped Bass or White Bass. Shallow sand bars often form in front of the boat ramps at Highway 2 and at Curry Ferry so these ramps should only be used by small boats. The section of the Choctawhatchee River between Boynton cutoff Landing and Cedar Tree Landing (the portion of the Choctawhatchee River that flows west of the confluence with Holmes Creek) is usually difficult to navigate because of log jams and shallow sand bars.

Largemouth Bass can be found around submerged trees, creek mouths, and submerged vegetation in slower moving water. Spinner baits and plastic worms are the best bet; however, live baits are just as good. The Choctaw Bass (a relative of the Largemouth Bass, previously described as a spotted bass) can be caught in Holmes Creek and the upper Choctawhatchee River above Hwy. 20 using baits like those used for Largemouth Bass. Catch-and-release is recommended for this unique species because it is not as abundant as Largemouth Bass. Try lures that mimic crayfish, particularly near fallen trees or woody structures in fast flowing water. The Choctaw Bass are usually found in trees that extend 15 to 20 yards into the river and have rapidly flowing water around them.

Excellent-size Bluegill and Redear Sunfish (shellcracker) can be caught in Holmes Creek fishing worms and crickets around brush and submerged vegetation (particularly recently submerged terrestrial vegetation). Good sized Chain Pickerel can also be caught in Holmes Creek and the Choctawhatchee River as well. Try spinner baits, weedless spoons, or crankbaits. Crappie fishing should pick up this winter. Fish small minnows around brush piles in 10 - 18 feet of water or use small crappie jigs (1/32 or 1/64 oz.) and slowly jig around the brush piles. The presence of snags and log jams that often span the width of the river can make navigation in Holmes Creek difficult. Live Oak Landing boat ramp is extremely steep, and boaters should use caution when launching their boats.

Popular Species

Popular Sport Fish Species

Fish graphics by Duane Raver, Jr.

More species information is available for:

Largemouth bass, Spotted bassBluegill, Redear sunfish, Sunshine bassStriped bassBlack crappie

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TrophyCatch Tracker

TrophyCatch is FWC's citizen-science program that rewards anglers for documenting and releasing trophy bass 8 pounds or larger.

Be the first to submit a trophy bass from the Choctawhatchee River!