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Your Bear Management Unit (BMU) – The North BMU

Map of Bear density ranges based on North Florida

The North Bear Management Unit includes Baker, Columbia, Duval, Hamilton, Nassau, Suwannee, and Union counties and contains the Osceola subpopulation, named after the Osceola National Forest.  Bears in the Osceola subpopulation are part of a larger subpopulation that includes bears in the Okefenokee Swamp National Wildlife Refuge in Georgia. The plan’s objectives for the North BMU are to maintain or increase the current bear subpopulation with the necessary habitat to support them, maintain forested connections with the Central BMU, and to reduce human-bear conflicts and habitat fragmentation. In 2002, the FWC estimated 200 to 313 bears lived in Osceola subpopulation. In 2014, the FWC estimates there to be an average of 500 bears in the North BMU. 

The Florida Black Bear Management Plan called for the creation of Bear Stakeholder Groups for each of the seven bear subpopulations. These groups are made up of local residents, government officials, non-profit organization staff, FWC staff, business owners, property managers, and other interested individuals in the North BMU. The Group meets several times a year to discuss bear management and research.

Are you interested in being a part of the Bear Stakeholder Group?  Email us at:

North BMU Statistics

Bar graph of bears killed from all known causes in the North BMU from 2010 - 2018 (n = 114)

This bar graph shows the number of bears killed by vehicle strikes in the North BMU from 2000 to 2018, totaling 114 bears.

2010 = 8 bears, 2011 = 9 bears, 2012 = 9 bears, 2013 = 10 bears, 2014 = 11 bears, 2015 = 38 bears, 2016 = 10 bears, 2017 = 8 bears, 2018 = 11 

Vehicle strikes account for the majority of bear deaths in Florida statewide. The number of bears killed by vehicles, or euthanized due to vehicle injuries, documented each year in the North BMU can be seen the related bar graph.

Bar graph of the total bear related calls received in the North BMU from 2010 - 2018 (n = 414)

This bar graph shows the number of North BMU bear related calls received by FWC from the public from 2010 to 2018, totaling 414 calls.
2010 = 32 calls, 2011 = 40 calls, 2012 = 44 calls, 2013 = 55 calls, 2014 = 59 calls, 2015 = 38 calls, 2016 = 42 calls, 2017 = 55 calls, 2018 = 49 calls

Each year, FWC receives thousands of calls statewide from the public about bears.  The associated bar chart shows the number of bear-related reports FWC received from the North BMU.

Pie chart of the reasons for calls in the North BMU from 2010 - 2018 (n = 414)

This pie chart shows the reason for North BMU bear related calls received by FWC from the public from 2010 to 2018, totaling 414 calls.

Sick/Dead Bear (dark green slice) = 39%; General Interaction (light blue slice) = 33%; Property Damage (orange slice) = 9%; In Garbage (brown slice) = 8%; Miscellaneous (light grey slice) = 6%; Bear-Animal Encounter (yellow slice) = 3%; Illegal Activity (dark blue slice) = 2%; In Structure (dark grey slice) = <1%; Public Safety Incident (light green slice) = <1%

This pie chart represents the reasons people call FWC about bears in the North BMU.