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Gulf Flounder

Paralichthys albigutta

Appearance

Illustration of a gulf flounder
  • Bottom oriented flatfish with both eyes on the left side
  • Several ocellated or eyelike spots on the body, at least five of which are arranged in an "X" pattern
  • Strong canine-like teeth
  • Wedge-shaped tail, its tip in the middle

Similar Species: Southern flounder, P. lethostigma (may have 5 or more spots but they are not eyelike); summer flounder, P. dentatus (have 5 or more ocellated or eyelike spots on the body)

Size: Common to 14 inches (2 pounds) 

Habitat

Inshore on sandy or mud bottoms, often ranging into tidal creeks. Occasionally caught on nearshore rocky reefs.

Behavior

Right eye migrates over to left side early in life.

A bottom-dweller thought to spawn offshore.

Feeds on crustaceans and small fishes.

Ability to camouflage by changing colors to match their surrounding habitat and avoid predators.

Additional Information

Recreational Regulations

 

Image Credit: © Diane Rome Peebles