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Upper St. Johns River and Lakes

Brevard County

St. Johns Upper

This 60-mile stretch of the St. Johns River is the southernmost headwaters where the tannin-stained river originates out of the vast marshes, swamps, water management areas and canal systems.  The river flows through a number of lakes ranging from 350 to 4,500 acres in size (Lake Hell'n Blazes, Lake Sawgrass, Lake Washington, Lake Winder and Lake Poinsett). The river is not marked for navigation, flowing within a single channel downstream to Cocoa at which point the river becomes braided into multiple channels as the river flows across the floodplain downstream to Puzzle Lake. Water levels fluctuate around six feet annually between the dry (winter-spring) and wet season (late summer-early fall). These extreme annual water level changes can radically affect the physical dimension of the river, causing a less than 150 foot wide river to expand out over the flood plain and become several miles wide, changing the navigability of the river and the distribution of the fish. Most of the upper St. Johns River and lakes are surrounded by State-owned lands which makes it a very scenic environment for all users.

The "River Returns" is a high definition television show about the St. Johns River that will air in October on PBS. Meanwhile their web site provides some excellent information about the river.

For further information, listings of fish camps, or ramp locations please contact our fisheries Regional Office in Ocala at 352-732-1225 or consult the Northeast Regional Freshwater Fishing Guide.

Water levels are still slightly high following Hurricanes Ian and Nicole, though will continue to fall throughout this quarter. The bite will heat up as water drains out of the marshes, concentrating bait fish into the river and lakes. In the river, tight bends with visible current lines and eddies are great places to look for feeding bass, crappie, and bream. The areas where the river feeds into the lakes should be good fishing, too. Work the banks and emergent vegetation for bass and panfish. Traditional gear for bass include plastic worms/swim baits, spinner baits, and shallow-running minnow imitations. Crappie anglers can catch fair numbers of fish by slow trolling artificials (small jigs and beetle spins, 1/32-1/8 oz.) or by drifting with live minnows in the deeper, open-water areas of lakes Poinsett, Winder, and Washington. Curly-tail or tube jigs in combinations of pinks, greens, chartreuse and salt/pepper seem to be favorite colors. Crappie can also be found moving into and concentrating around bulrush patches, especially where mixed with submerged and floating vegetation to provide overhead cover. Deeper undercut bends in the middle river section between lakes Winder and Poinsett and the stretch between lakes Washington and Sawgrass can also be productive for crappie anglers this time of the year.

The spawning runs of the anadromous American and Hickory shad will peak during this quarter. The St. Johns River from SR 50 to Lake Harney is a historically productive area for excellent catches. Some anglers prefer trolling while others like to fly fish or cast with ultra light tackle from an anchored boat or riverbank. Walking the banks and wading to fly fish should be a pretty good option south of Lake Harney in February if the water level drops low enough. Commonly used artificials include shad darts, streamer flies, and miniature spoons and jigs. Anglers are reminded that these shad species are saltwater fish, with a saltwater fishing license required by anglers planning to target or possess them when they move upstream into fresh water to spawn.

Popular Species

Popular Sport Fish Species

Fish graphics by Duane Raver, Jr.

More species information is available for:

Largemouth bass, Bluegill, Redear sunfish, Channel catfish

Lake Poinsett Map

Lake Poinsett is a large lake in Brevard County, near the city of Cocoa. There are a two public boat ramps that provide access to the lake, James G. Bourbeau Park, and Leroy Wright Recreation Area are on the Northeast side of the lake where SR 520 crosses the St. Johns River. These parks also provide shore fishing access to the St. Johns River as well as a fishing pier at the Leroy Wright Ramp There are several coves with pads and rushes that will produce Largemouth Bass, bluegill, redear sunfish, and the occasional sunshine bass. Crappie anglers can find schooling fish offshore by trolling and jigging minnows in open water.

Lake Washington Map

Lake Washington anglers can find bream, crappie, largemouth bass, and catfish. Lake Washington Park on the East side of the lake offers a boat ramp, fishing pier, restrooms, pavilions, and parking. Shore anglers may have luck fishing for bass and bream around the the pads and bulrushes from the public fishing pier. Boat anglers will find abundant emergent vegetation on the north end of the lake as well as several fish attractors marked by buoys. Fishing the emergent vegetation and woody debris on the East and Southeast shoreline can be productive for bass and bream. Crappie anglers may have luck drifting open water areas with jigs and minnows.

FWC Trophy Catch Logo

TrophyCatch Tracker

TrophyCatch is FWC's citizen-science program that rewards anglers for documenting and releasing trophy bass 8 pounds or larger. The following TrophyCatch bass have been submitted from the St. Johns River system:

Lunker Club (8 – 9.9 pounds): 425

Trophy Club (10 - 12.9 pounds): 76