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Nonnative Cichlids

Common Name Scientific Name First Observed Introduction Status

Oscar

Astronotus ocellatus

1960

Aquarium release and/or aquaculture escape

Established

Cichlasoma hybrid

C. citrinellum x C. urophthalmus

Reported

Butterfly Peacock

Cichla ocellaris

1984

Released by FWC to control other nonnative fishes

Established

Black Acara

Cichlasoma bimaculatum

Early 1960's

Aquarium release and/or aquaculture escape

Established

Midas Cichlid

Cichlasoma citrinellum

1981

Aquarium release and/or aquaculture escape

Established

Rio Grande Cichlid

Cichlasoma cyanoguttatum

Early 1940's

Possible aquaculture escape

Established

Jaguar Guapote

Cichlasoma managuense

1992

Aquarium release and/or aquaculture escape

Established

Firemouth Cichlid

Cichlasoma meeki

Early 1960's

Aquarium release and/or aquaculture escape

Formerly reproducing

Convict Cichlid

Cichlasoma nigrofasciatum

Early 1960's

Aquarium release and/or aquaculture escape

Reported

Jack Dempsey

Cichlasoma octofasciatum

Late 1960's

Aquarium release and/or aquaculture escape

Formerly reproducing

Yellowbelly Cichlid

Cichlasoma salvini

1980

Aquarium release and/or aquaculture escape

Potentially established

Threespot Cichlid

Cichlasoma trimaculatum

Early 1970's

Aquarium release and/or aquaculture escape

Formerly reproducing

Mayan Cichlid

Cichlasoma urophthalmus

1984

Possible aquarium release

Established

Eartheater

Geophagus sp.

1981

Aquarium release and/or aquaculture escape

Potentially established

Eastern Happy

Haplochromis callipterus

1998

Aquarium release and/or aquaculture escape

Potentially established

African Jewelfish

Hemichromis letourneuxi

1959

Aquarium release and/or aquaculture escape

Established

Banded Cichlid

Heros severus

1993

Aquarium release and/or aquaculture escape

Potentially established

Blue Tilapia

Oreochromis aureus

1961

Escaped from FWC facility; moved by commercial fishermen

Established

Mozambique Tilapia

Oreochromis mossambicus

Early 1970's

Aquarium release and/or aquaculture escape

Established

Nile Tilapia

Oreochromis niloticus

2006

Aquarium release and/or aquaculture escape

Potentially established

Blackchin Tilapia

Sarotherodon melanotheron

Early 1960's

Aquarium release and/or aquaculture escape

Established

Hornet Tilapia

Tilapia buttikoferi

2005

Aquarium release and/or aquaculture escape

Potentially established

Spotted Tilapia

Tilapia mariae

1974

Aquarium release and/or aquaculture escape

Established

Redbelly Tilapia

Tilapia zillii

1974

Unknown

Formerly reproducing

Redhead Cichlid

Vieja melanura

Potentially established