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Black Drum: Pogonias cromis

Commercial Gulf and Atlantic State Regulations

Black Drum

Slot Limit: 14" to 24"

Daily Bag Limit: 500 pounds per person or vessel, whichever is less

License Requirements:

Saltwater Products License (SPL), Restricted Species Endorsement (RS)

Gear Requirements:

  • Legal Gear: hook and line, cast net, seine, spear or gig
  • Illegal Gear: Cannot harvest using any multiple hook in conjunction with live or dead natural bait; Snatching prohibited

Habitat and Fishing Tips:

Black drum are primarily inshore fish and are found throughout the year in river mouths, bays and estuaries. They are bottom dwellers and often feed around oyster beds, docks, bridge pilings and other structures where their favorite forage species are present. Black drum have pharyngeal teeth or teeth in the pharyngeal arch of the throat that are adapted to crush hard shelled crustaceans and mollusks. Their favorite foods include crabs, shrimp, clams, oysters and small fish. Anglers typically use cut bait, shrimp, sand fleas or blue crabs as bait, and it is very important to keep the bait on the bottom where the drum feed. Tackle requirements are dependent on the size of fish being targeted, the location and current. Bait-casting or spinning tackle with 15 to 30 pound test line would be suitable for most conditions.