Southern Flounder: Paralichthys lethostigma


  • Light to dark brown in color
  • Many dark brown/black spots or blotches on body and fins
  • Often have smaller white spots on body and fins
  • No eye-like spots
  • Both eyes on the left side of the head
  • Underside is white or dusky
  • Strong, sharp, well-developed teeth on both top and bottom jaw


Commonly found in brackish bays and estuaries; more common over soft mud bottoms


Commonly caught at sizes up to 20 inches; primarily feed on other fish

Additional Information

Similar species include Gulf flounder (has three prominent eye-like spots). Like most other flounders, they can adjust their color pattern to blend in with surrounding habitat

They begin life with one eye on either side of their head, however the right eye migrates to the left side as the fish develops

Image Credit: Diane Rome Peebles

FWC Facts:
The bowfin, or mudfish, is a ‘living fossil’ and is the only freshwater fish with a gular bone, a bony plate on the exterior of the lower jaw between the two jawbones.

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