Schoolmaster: Lutjanus apodus


  • Body is olive gray or brown with a yellow hue, fading to a lighter belly
  • Fins are yellow
  • Narrow white bars on sides, fading with age
  • Blue stripe below eye, broken in adults
  • Snout long and pointed
  • Canine teeth enlarged in upper jaw, visible when mouth is closed

Similar Species: Dog snapper, L. jocu (has pale triangle below eye) and gray snapper, L. griseus (lack yellow fins and lack blue stripe below eyes) 

Size: Up to 24 inches (8 pounds); and common under 1 pound 


Coastal waters. Adults frequent nearshore, especially around elkhorn coral reefs. Large adults are sometimes found on the continental shelf. Juvenile schoolmaster are found in grassy flats. 


Spawn in July and August. Feed on crustaceans, small fishes, and gastropods.

Additional Information

State Record:External Website This species is not currently eligible for a state record. 

Recreational Regulations

Image Credit: © Diane Rome Peebles

FWC Facts:
Right whales can be individually identified by the pattern of raised patches of roughened skin on their head, called callosities.

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