Black Drum: Pogonias cromis


  • High arched back
  • 10 to 14 pairs of chin barbels
  • Gray or black colored body in adults with the  young have 4 to 6 vertical black bars
  • Cobblestone-like teeth are capable of crushing oysters
  • Large scales


Black drum are an inshore fish common to bays and lagoons.  They are bottom dwellers and often found around oyster beds.  Black drum may also be found offshore.


The largest member of the drum family, black drum spawn nearshore in the winter and early spring.  They feed on oysters, mussels, crabs, shrimp and occasionally fish.  Black drum may live to 35 or more years.

Additional Information

State Record: 96 lbs, caught near Fernandina Beach

Fishing Tips and Facts: The vertical bars on juvenile black drum,Sciaenops ocellatus, are somewhat similar to those on sheepshead, Archosargus probatocephalus; and spadefish, Chaetodipterus faber.

Image Credit: © Diane Rome Peebles

FWC Facts:
Two crappie species exist in Florida. Black crappie occur throughout the state, but white crappie occur in just two Panhandle rivers.

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