Bonefish: Albula vulpes


Silvery, with torpedo-shaped body and conical snout.


Bonefish primarily inhabit inshore shallows of the Florida Keys, often in water that is less than 1 foot deep


Bonefish have deeply forked tails that provide power for chasing prey in lush grass beds. Keen eyesight and a skittish nature make these fish a prized trophy for saltwater anglers. They travel in small schools prowling grass beds and sand flats for shrimp, crabs and other invertebrates. Average size is 3 to 5 pounds but fish weighing more than 10 pounds can be found in Florida.

State Record:

16 lb 3 oz, caught near Islamorada

Fishing Tips and Facts:

Live shrimp or jigs tipped with fresh shrimp are the best baits for conventional fishermen. Fly fishermen patiently pole through shallow flats stalking these elusive fish. Bonefish are very seldom eaten and should be carefully released.

Additional Information:

Image Credit: © Diane Rome Peebles

FWC Facts:
The Florida snail kite is aptly named - it feeds almost exclusively on apple snails and, in the United States, is found only in Florida.

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