Bluefish are greenish blue on their back, with silvery sides and a large mouth filled with prominent, sharp teeth.


Young usually are inshore during spring and summer and move offshore to join adults during fall and winter. Large numbers of bluefish migrate to Florida from northern stocks during winter. Anglers on the east coast catch larger bluefish than fishermen on the west coast.


Bluefish travel in large schools following baitfish. Members of a school tend to be about the same size because they are cannibalistic. Spawning occurs offshore in spring and summer.

State Record:

22 lb 2 oz, caught near Jensen Beach

Fishing Tips and Facts:

Bluefish may be caught from boat or shore. Chumming is a helpful, and a wire leader is a must to prevent fish from biting through the line. Anglers use a variety of plugs, sand eel type jigs, and squid- or mackerel-like lures. Pogies, mackerel or eels are good live baits and cut bait works too. Average size is 3-5 pounds. These fish are a bit oily for some people, so gut them and clean them as soon as you legally can.

Additional Information:

Image Credit: © Diane Rome Peebles

FWC Facts:
Florida's American shad are the smallest on the East Coast of the United States. In Florida, shad average 2 to 3 pounds; the state record is 5.19 pounds.

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