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Swordfish: Xiphias gladius

Appearance:

A rather unique billfish, with a flattened bill formed from an elongated upper jaw. It has a single high dorsal fin and one keel on each side in front of the tail fin.

Habitat:

Deep sea fish found from the surface down below 2,000 feet. They are heavily overfished internationally.

Behavior:

Swordfish over 200 pounds are generally females and tend to migrate to the surface at night, when most drift fishing occurs.

Additional Information

State Record:  612 lb 12 oz, caught near Key Largo

Fishing Tips and Facts: Fishing at night for swordfish often involves the use of chemical or other lights and heavy 8/0 to 11/0 hooks drifted with balloons to help detect the strike.


Image Credit: © Diane Rome Peebles



FWC Facts:
Many species of fish (many groupers, snook, etc.) are hermaphroditic and change sex at some point in their life.

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