American Shad: Alosa sapidissima
- Color of back green or greenish blue with silvery sides, white
underneath (colors darken when fish enters fresh water to
- Belly with scutes forming distinct keel with one or more dark
spots in a row behind operculum
- The lower jaw has a pointed tip that fits into v-shaped notch
in upper jaw
American shad are typically found offshore except during late
winter spawning run into east coast rivers, notably the St. Johns
Anadromous species, coming into fresh water to spawn; young
remain in fresh water to length of 2 to 4 inches, then move out to
This species is not currently eligible for a state record.
Fishing Tips and Facts:
Plankton feeders, but will strike small, bright spoons or flies. Their roe (as many as 30,000 in a single female) is prized and their flesh is full of fork bones.
Image Credit: Diane Rome Peebles