Nonnatives - Red-whiskered Bulbul

Red-whiskered Bulbul - Pycnonotus jocosus


Florida's Exotic Wildlife. Species detail.

First year: 1960's

Extirpated year:

Established status: Populations are confirmed breeding and apparently self-sustaining for 10 or more consecutive years.

Estimated Florida range: 1 county  At least 10 years

Statewide trend: Unknown status

Threats to natives: Unknown

Species Account: Ranges from India to southern China. Red-whiskered Bulbuls apparently escaped in 1960 from a tourist attraction in the Kendall area of Dade County during Hurricane Donna (Carleton and Owre 1975). This population has extended its range northeast to South Miami but remains limited to a small geographic area (Florida BBA), where eat some insects but primarily feeds on drupes, berries, and small fruits of exotic plants, such as the Brazilian pepper, various figs, and loquat (Carleton and Owre 1975). It nests in shrubs, small trees, or hanging planters.

Habitats: Central or core urban area, Low density suburban development, areas peripheral to core urban areas, and small towns.

County First Year Extirpated Year Breeding status Notes
Dade 1960's   At least 10 years Kendall area (Carleton and Owre 1975, Florida BBA 1986-91)


Carleton, A. R., and O. T. Owre. 1975. The Red-whiskered Bulbul in Florida: 1960-71. Auk 92:40-57.

Islam, K., and R. N. Williams. 2000. Red-vented Bulbul (Pycronotus cafer) and Red-whiskered Bulbul (Pycronotus jocosus) In Birds of North America No. 520 (A. Poole and F. Gill, eds.) Birds of North America, Inc., Philadelphia, PA.

Robertson, W. B., and G. E. Woolfenden. 1992. Florida bird species: an annotated list. Florida Ornithological Society, Gainesville, Florida, USA.

Stevenson, H. M., and B. H. Anderson. 1994. The birdlife of Florida. University Press of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA.

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