Nonnatives - Chesnut-fronted Macaw

Chestnut-fronted Macaw - Ara severa


Florida's Nonnative Wildlife. Species detail.

First year: 1981

Extirpated year:

Established status: Species are present and breeding but for less than 10 years.

Estimated Florida range: 1 county  At least 10 years, 3 counties  Not reported breeding

Statewide trend: Unknown status

Threats to natives:  Members of the parrot family carry Newcastle disease, identified in 1971, which can infect native songbirds, game birds, domestic chickens and turkeys, and other exotic bird species. The native bird species can be infected by smuggled exotic birds and birds not properly quarantined that are released into the wild. This species also breeds in cavities which might limit the number available to native cavity nesters.

Species Account: Native to most of northern South America, where it inhabits forests and forest edges. It has been observed nesting in Pileated Woodpecker holes in Dade County (Florida BBA).

Habitats: Central or core urban area.

County First Year Extirpated Year Breeding status Notes
Broward 1989   Not reported breeding (Stevenson and Anderson 1994:344)
Dade 1986?   At least 10 years Two small flocks appear to be established (Florida BBA 1986-91).
Palm Beach 1981   Not reported breeding No recent reports.
Pinellas 1993   Not reported breeding (Pranty 1993)


Pranty, B. 1993c. Field observations [summer report: June to July 1993]. Florida Field Naturalist 22:23-28.

Robertson, W. B., and G. E. Woolfenden. 1992. Florida bird species: an annotated list. Florida Ornithological Society, Gainesville, Florida, USA.

Stevenson, H. M., and B. H. Anderson. 1994. The birdlife of Florida. University Press of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA.

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