Nonnatives - Budgeringar

Budgerigar - Melopsittacus undulatus

 

Florida's Nonnative Wildlife. Species detail.

First year: 1930's

Extirpated year:

Established status: Populations are confirmed breeding and apparently self-sustaining for 10 or more consecutive years

Estimated Florida range: 67 counties  At least 10 years

Statewide trend: Unknown status

Threats to natives:  Competes with native species for nesting cavities and they are also susceptible to chlamydiosis (parrot fever).

Species Account: This Australian native is the common parakeet of pet stores, and it regularly escapes or is released into the wild in Florida. Breeding populations are most common along the Gulf Coast, but it has been spotted in most metropolitan areas in Florida. Populations numbered in the 1000s in Pinellas County in 1962 but seem to have disappeared in that area today. Numbers apparently declined in the 1980s, possibly due to severe freezes, competition for nest sites with European Starlings, or disease (Florida BBA 1986-91). Breeding in most areas of Florida has been short lived. In southwestern Pasco County, where 6,000-8,000 Budgerigars have been observed in 1 winter roost, birds were mostly found in subdivisions with many bird feeders and nest boxes, and they generally avoided undeveloped habitats (Wenner and Hirth 1984). In Florida, they nest in pine cavities, street lights, and cabbage palms, and they have been observed feeding on seeds of grasses (Wenner and Hirth 1984).

Habitats: Central or core urban area, Low density suburban development, areas peripheral to core urban areas, and small towns.

County First Year Extirpated Year Breeding status Notes
Northwest 1930's At least 10 years
North Central 1930's   At least 10 years  
Northeast 1930's   At least 10 years  
Southwest 1930's   At least 10 years  
South 1930's   At least 10 years  
         
Alachua 1930's   Not reported breeding Gainesville (B. Pranty, 2001 unpublished data)
Bay 1930's   Not reported breeding (B. Pranty, 2001 unpublished data)
Brevard 1963 1975 At least 10 years  
Broward 1930's   Not reported breeding Ft. Lauderdale (B. Pranty, 2001 unpublished data)
Charlotte 1930's   Not reported breeding Port Charlotte (B. Pranty, 2001 unpublished data)
Citrus 1930's   Not reported breeding (B. Pranty, 2001 unpublished data)
Collier 1984   Not reported breeding  
Dade 1930's   Not reported breeding Miami (B. Pranty, 2001 unpublished data)
Dixie 1976   At least 10 years  
Duval 1979   Not reported breeding  
Escambia 1991   At least 10 years  
Franklin 1930's   Not reported breeding (B. Pranty, 2001 unpublished data)
Hernando 2000   Not reported breeding (Pranty 2000a); however, reported confirmed breeding near county line (Florida BBA 1986-91).
Highlands 1930's   Not reported breeding (B. Pranty, 2001 unpublished data)
Hillsborough 1930's   At least 10 years (B. Pranty, 2001 unpublished data). Reported confirmed breeding (Florida BBA 1986-91).
Lee 1976   Not reported breeding Ft. Myers; Cayo Costa State Park (Florida Park Service District 4 Wildlife Database)
Leon 1930's   Not reported breeding (B. Pranty, 2001 unpublished data)
Levy 1930's   Not reported breeding (B. Pranty, 2001 unpublished data)
Manatee 2000   Not reported breeding (Pranty 2000a_
Monroe 1930's   Not reported breeding (B. Pranty, 2001 unpublished data)
Okaloosa 1930's   Not reported breeding (B. Pranty, 2001 unpublished data)
Orange 1930's   Not reported breeding Winter Park (B. Pranty, 2001 unpublished data)
Palm Beach 1930's   Not reported breeding West Palm Beach (B. Pranty, 2001 unpublished data)
Pasco 1978   At least 10 years 52 reported in 2000 (Pranty 2000a). Reported confirmed breeding by Florida BBA (1986-91).
Pinellas 1963   At least 10 years Reported confirmed breeding (Florida BBA 1986-91).
Polk 1997   Not reported breeding (Pranty 1997)
Saint Lucie 1930's   Not reported breeding Fort Pierce, Port St. Lucie (B. Pranty, 2001 unpublished data)
Santa Rosa 1930's   Not reported breeding (B. Pranty, 2001 unpublished data)
Sarasota 1966   At least 10 years Reported confirmed breeding (Florida BBA 1986-91).
Seminole 1930's   Not reported breeding (B. Pranty, 2001 unpublished data)
Wakulla 1930's   Not reported breeding (B. Pranty, 2001 unpublished data)

References

James, F. C. 1997. Nonindigenous Birds. Pages 139-156 In Strangers Among Us: Impact and management of nonindigenous species in Florida. (Simberloff,D., D. Schmitz, and E. Wilson, eds.) Island Press, Washington D.C.

Pranty, B. 1997b. Field observations [fall report: August to November 1997]. Florida Field Naturalist 25:74-84.

Pranty, B. 2000a. Field observations [winter report: December 1999 to February 2000]. Florida Field Naturalist 28:127-137.

Pranty, B. In review. The budgerigar in Florida: rise and fall of an Australian exotic. Submitted to North American Birds.

Wenner, A. S. and D. H. Hirth. 1984. Status of the feral budgerigar in Florida. Journal of Ornithology 55:214-219

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