dry prairie
Betsy Purdum

Dry Prairie

Dominated by low-growth saw palmetto and a number of grasses including wiregrass, bottlebrush three-awn, and lopsided Indian grass. Scattered longleaf pine may be present.


photo giant orchid - Paul Martin Brown
© Paul Martin Brown - Giant Orchid

Oak Scrub/Scrubby Flatwoods

Oak scrub/scrubby flatwoods occur on slightly higher elevations than dry prairie and are characterized by a low canopy of myrtle oak, Chapman's oak, and sand live oak with scattered patches of white sand. The understory includes saw palmetto, fetterbush, and staggerbush. Several rare plant species are found here including short-leaved rosemary, nodding pinweed, and giant orchid.










mesic flatwoods
Betsy Purdum

Mesic Flatwoods

Overstory of open longleaf pine with some encroachment of hardwoods. The understory is predominantly low saw palmetto and gallberry, fetterbush, and wax myrtle. Within the flatwoods are depression marshes, wet prairies, and cypress swamps and domes.











Hydric Hammocks and Floodplain Swamps

hyrdric hammocks
Betsy Purdum

Hydric hammocks and floodplain swamps occur along creek margins. This natural community is characterized by bald cypress, loblolly bay, sweet bay, laurel oak, and water oak as well as an abundance of old-growth cabbage palms. The endangered hand fern, with its up to 7 lobes or "fingers," is found in the boots of these old-growth cabbage palms.

FWC Facts:
Like all North American terns, the least tern has long, pointed wings and a deeply forked tail. It is the smallest of Florida's terns.

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