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Basin Marsh

BasinMarsh.jpg Extensive basin marshes occur around the periphery of Salt Lake, Loughman Lake and South Lake. Marshes are also found as smaller depressions in mesic or wet flatwoods. Basin marshes are regularly inundated and have vegetation that forms zones associated with water depth. Moving from deepest to shallowest portions of the marsh, the zones are generally divided into submersed, floating-leaved, emergent and grassy vegetation types. At Salt Lake WMA, the marshes are dominated by sand cordgrass. Around Salt Lake, saltpans may also develop. These are almost devoid of vegetation or have a mixture of saltmarsh vegetation including saltgrass, needlerush, shoreline sea purslane, perennial glasswort and saltwort.

 

Mesic Flatwoods

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Mesic flatwoods on Salt Lake consist almost exclusively of young slash pines with a dense understory of saw palmetto, gallberry, coastalplain staggerbush, wax myrtle. Catesby's lily (also called the pine lily) is found here and is expected to flower more conspicuously in the future as managers conduct more frequent prescribed burns.

 

 

Wet Flatwoods

WetFlatwoods.jpg Wet flatwoods at Salt Lake are intermingled with mesic flatwoods and marshes. They lack the saw palmettos typical of the mesic flatwoods. Slash pine is the dominant canopy species and dense cabbage palms dominate the subcanopy and shrub layers. Other shrubs may include gallberry, dahoon holly, shiny blueberry and wax myrtle. Herbs are sparse but typically overlap with marsh species.

 

Mesic Hammock

MesicHammock.jpg Mesic hammocks occur on well-drained soils throughout Salt Lake WMA often as small patches bordering basin marshes. The canopy is dense and usually dominated by live oak and cabbage palm with a subcanopy of cabbage palm, dahoon, red cedar, southern magnolia and swamp bay. Understory includes gallberry, wax myrtle, saw palmetto, smallflower pawpaw and wild coffee.



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