Swamp/Floodplain and Bottomland Forest

photo floodplain swamp

Swamp/floodplain and bottomland forest is characterized by an open canopy forest of widely spaced pine trees with little or no understory but a dense ground cover of herbs and shrubs. Mesic flatwoods occur on relatively flat, moderately to poorly drained terrain. During the rainy season, water inundates much of the flatwoods. Nearly all the plants and animals in the flatwoods are adapted to periodic fire.



photo wet/mesic flatwoods
Photos by Jim Rodgers

Wet/Mesic Flatwoods

Typical plants include water oak, live oak, red maple, sweet gum, loblolly bay, American beech, and wax myrtle. Cypress domes occur where sand has slumped around or over a sinkhole. Common plants include pond cypress, swamp tupelo, and slash pine.

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