Cypress swamp

Cypress Swamp

Found along Fisheating Creek and Gopher Gully just east of U.S. 27. The canopy is dominated by bald cypress. Other canopy species include red maple, sweet bay, and swamp laurel oak. Popash and cabbage palms occur in the subcanopy. The understory is relatively open and includes buttonbush and wax myrtle. Lizard's tail is an abundant herb. Bromeliads and other epiphytes are found in the branches of the trees and the boots of the cabbage palm leaves.



Freshwater Marsh

Extensive areas of freshwater marsh are associated with Fisheating Creek west of Lake Okeechobee for several miles including Cowbone Marsh and Rainey Slough. Species present, varying in abundance and dominance, include sawgrass, sand cordgrass, soft rush, pickerelweed, arrowhead, maidencane, water hyssop, and cattail. Buttonbush, Carolina willow, and wax myrtle are also associated with these marshes.



Hardwood Swamp

Characterized by an abundance of large cabbage palms along with red maple, swamp laurel oak, water oak, live oak, hackberry, American elm, loblolly bay, and red bay. Bromeliads and resurrection fern are common.




Mesic Hammocks

High-quality mesic (moist) hammocks are found along Fisheating Creek east of U.S. 27. In one area, part of an old homestead, are found many more coastal and tropical species including gumbo limbo and strangler fig. More typical mesic hammock species include live oak, cabbage palm, red mulberry, soapberry, hackberry, red maple, and swamp laurel oak in wetter areas.

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