Selected Sawfish References

A list of publications on sawfish research.

Adams, W. F. and C. Wilson. 1995. The status of the smalltooth sawfish, Pristis pectinata Latham 1794 (Pristiformes: Pristidae) in the United States. Chondros 6:1-5.

Bigelow, H. B. and W. C. Schroeder. 1953. Fishes of the Western North Atlantic: Sawfishes, guitarfishes, skates, rays, and chimaeroids. Memoirs of the Sears Foundation for Marine Research Memoir 1, Part 2. 588 pp.

Breder, C. M., Jr. 1952. On the utility of the saw of the sawfish. Copeia 1952:90-92.

Chapman, D. D., C. A. Simpfendorfer, T. R. Wiley, G. R. Poulakis, C. Curtis, M. D. Tringali, J. K. Carlson, and K. A. Feldheim. 2011. Genetic diversity despite population collapse in a critically endangered marine fish: the smalltooth sawfish (Pristis pectinata). Journal of Heredity 102:643-652. (with cover) doi: 10.1093/jhered/esr098. Access Publication External Website.

Evermann, B. W. and B. A. Bean. 1898. Indian River and its fishes. United States Commission on Fish and Fisheries 22:227-248.

Faria V. V. 2007. Taxonomic review, phylogeny, and geographical population structure of the sawfishes (Chondrichthyes, Pristiformes). Dissertation, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa.

Faria, V. V., M. T. McDavitt, P. Charvet, T. R. Wiley, C. A. Simpfendorfer, and G. J. P. Naylor. 2013. Species delineation and global population structure of Critically Endangered sawfishes (Pristidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 167:136-164.

Feldheim, K. A., D. D. Chapman, C. A. Simpfendorfer, V. P. Richards, M. S. Shivji, T.R. Wiley, G. R. Poulakis, J. K. Carlson, R. Eng, and S. Sagarese. 2010. Genetic tools to support the conservation of the endangered smalltooth sawfish, Pristis pectinata. Conservation Genetics Resources 2:105-113. doi: 10.1007/s12686-010-9175-8.
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Feldheim, K. A., A. T. Fields, D. D. Chapman, R. M. Scharer, and G. R. Poulakis. 2017. Insights into reproduction and behaviour of the smalltooth sawfish Pristis pectinata. Endangered Species Research 34:463–471. doi: 10.3354/esr00868

Fields, A. T., K. A. Feldheim, G. R. Poulakis, and D. D. Chapman. 2015. Facultative parthenogenesis in a critically endangered wild vertebrate. Current Biology 25:R446–R447. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2015.04.018

FWC (Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission). 1999. Protected species: sawfishes, basking shark, whale shark, white shark, sand tiger shark, bigeye sand tiger shark, manta ray, and spotted eagle ray; prohibition of harvest, landing, and sale. Chapter 68B-44.008 (formerly 46-44.008) Florida Administrative Code Rule 11:1222.

Harrison, L. R. and N. K. Dulvy (eds.). 2014. Sawfish: A Global Strategy for Conservation. IUCN Species Survival Commission’s Shark Specialist Group, Vancouver, Canada. http://www.dulvy.com/sawfish-report-magazine.html External Website

Henshall, J. A. 1891. Report upon a collection of fishes made in southern Florida during 1889. Bulletin of the United States Fish Commission 9:371-389.

Henshall, J. A. 1895. Notes on fishes collected in Florida in 1892. Bulletin of the United States Fish Commission 14:209-221.

Hollensead, L. D., R. D. Grubbs, J. K. Carlson, and D. M. Bethea. 2015. Analysis of fine-scale daily movement patterns of juvenile Pristis pectinata within a nursery habitat. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems. doi:10.1002/aqc.2556

Huston, C. A., P. W. Stevens, R. M. Blaxton, S. G. Tolley, R. M. Scharer, B. M. Tornwall, and G. R. Poulakis. 2017. Diel movements of juvenile smalltooth sawfish: implications for defining the size of a nursery hotspot. Endangered Species Research 34:311–322. doi: 10.3354/esr00851

Jordan, D. S. and J. Swain. 1884. Notes on fishes collected by David S. Jordan at Cedar Keys, Florida. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 7:230-234.

Kritsky, D. C., S. A. Bullard, M. D. Bakenhaster, R. M. Scharer, and G. R. Poulakis.  2017. Resurrection of Mycteronastes (Monogenoidea: Monocotylidae), with description of Mycteronastes caalusi n. sp. from olfactory sacs of the smalltooth sawfish, Pristis pectinata (Pristiformes: Pristidae) in the Gulf of Mexico off Florida. Journal of Parasitology 103: 477–485. doi: 10.1645/17-40

NMFS (United States National Marine Fisheries Service). 2003. Endangered and threatened species; final endangered status for a distinct population segment of smalltooth sawfish (Pristis pectinata) in the United States. Federal Register 68:15674-15680. Access Publication Adobe PDF (184KB)

NMFS (United States National Marine Fisheries Service). 2009. Recovery plan for smalltooth sawfish (Pristis pectinata). Prepared by the Smalltooth Sawfish Recovery Team for the National Marine Fisheries Service, Silver Spring, Maryland. 
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NMFS (United States National Marine Fisheries Service). 2009. Endangered and threatened species; critical habitat for the endangered distinct population segment of smalltooth sawfish. Federal Register 74:45353-45378. Access Publication Adobe PDF (700KB)

Norton, S. L.,T. R. Wiley, J. K. Carlson, A. L. Frick, G. R. Poulakis, and C. A. Simpfendorfer. 2012. Designating critical habitat for juvenile endangered smalltooth sawfish in the United States. Marine and Coastal Fisheries: Dynamics, Management, and Ecosystem Science 4:473-480. doi: 10.1080/19425120.2012.676606. Access Publication External Website.

Olin, J. A., G. R. Poulakis, P. W. Stevens, J. A. DeAngelo, and A. T. Fisk. 2014. Preservation effects on stable isotope values of archived elasmobranch fin tissue: comparisons between frozen and ethanol-stored samples. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 143:1569–1576. doi: 10.1080/00028487.2014.954055

Phillips, N. 2012. Conservation genetics of Pristis sawfishes in Australian waters. Ph.D. Thesis, Murdoch University, Australia.

Phillips, N., J. Chaplin, D. Morgan, and S. Peverell. 2009. Extraction and amplification of DNA from the dried rostra of sawfishes (Pristidae) for applications in conservation genetics. Pacific Conservation Biology 15:128-134.

Phillips, N. M., J. A. Chaplin, D. L. Morgan, and S. C. Peverell. 2011. Population genetic structure and genetic diversity of three critically endangered Pristis sawfishes in Australian waters. Marine Biology 158:903-915.

Poulakis, G. R., C. A. Burton, P. W. Stevens, R. M. Scharer, and R. M. Blaxton. 2015. Tracking juvenile Smalltooth Sawfish (Pristis pectinata) to characterize potential use of created oyster reef at Trabue Harborwalk, Punta Gorda, Florida. Final Report to the Nature Conservancy for Award 01122014-001. FWRI File-code F4162-14-15-F. 41 pp.

Poulakis, G. R., R. K. May, P. W. Stevens, S. G. Tolley, and R. M. Scharer. 2017. Vemco Positioning System monitoring of juvenile Smalltooth Sawfish (Pristis pectinata) to characterize use of created oyster reef at Trabue Harborwalk, Punta Gorda, Florida. Final Report to the Nature Conservancy for Award 02012016-001.FWRI File-code F4265-16-17-F. 34 pp.

Poulakis, G. R. 2012. Distribution, habitat use, and movements of juvenile smalltooth sawfish, Pristis pectinata, in the Charlotte Harbor estuarine system, Florida. Dissertation, Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, Florida.

Poulakis, G. R., R. M. Scharer, P. W. Stevens, C. A. Huston, R. K. May, S. G. Tolley, R. M. Blaxton, K. O. Lear, N. M. Whitney, and A. G. Court. 2017. Promoting recovery and addressing new Smalltooth Sawfish management needs. Final Report to the National Marine Fisheries Service for Award NA13NMF4720047. FWRI File-code F4120-13-17-F. 140 pp.

Poulakis, G. R. and J. C. Seitz. 2004. Recent occurrence of the smalltooth sawfish, Pristis pectinata (Elasmobranchiomorphi: Pristidae), in Florida Bay and the Florida Keys, with comments on sawfish ecology. Florida Scientist 67(1):27-35. 
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Poulakis, G. R., P. W. Stevens, A. A. Timmers, C. J. Stafford, D. D. Chapman, K. A. Feldheim, M. R. Heupel, and C. Curtis. 2016. Long-term site fidelity of endangered smalltooth sawfish (Pristis pectinata) from different mothers. Fishery Bulletin 114:461–475. doi: 10.7755/FB.114.4.8

Poulakis, G. R., P. W. Stevens, A. A. Timmers, C. J. Stafford, C. Curtis, M. D. Tringali, and M. D. Bakenhaster. 2010. Distribution, habitat use, and movements of juvenile smalltooth sawfish, Pristis pectinata, in the Charlotte Harbor estuarine system, Florida. Final Report to the National Marine Fisheries Service for Award NA06NMF4720032. FWRI Filecode F2616-06-09-F. 84 pp.

Poulakis, G. R., P. W. Stevens, A. A. Timmers, T. R. Wiley, and C. A. Simpfendorfer. 2011. Abiotic affinities and spatiotemporal distribution of the endangered smalltooth sawfish, Pristis pectinata, in a south-western Florida nursery. Marine and Freshwater Research 62:1165-1177. doi: 10.1071/MF11008. Access Publication External Website.

Poulakis, G. R., P. W. Stevens, A. A. Timmers, C. J. Stafford, and C. A. Simpfendorfer. 2013. Movements of juvenile endangered smalltooth sawfish, Pristis pectinata, in an estuarine river system: use of non-main-stem river habitats and lagged responses to freshwater inflow-related changes. Environmental Biology of Fishes 96(6):763-778. doi: 10.1007/s10641-012-0070-x. Access Publication External Website.  

Poulakis, G. R., P. W. Stevens, R. D. Grubbs, D. D. Chapman, J. Gelsleichter, G. H. Burgess, T. R. Wiley, J. A. Olin, L. D. Hollensead, A. T. Fisk, D. A. Blewett, R. M. Scharer, H. J. Grier, J. A. DeAngela, J. M. Darrow, Y. Papastamatiou, and M. D. Bakenhaster. 2014. Smalltooth sawfish (Pristis pectinata) research and outreach: an interdisciplinary collaborative program. Final Report to the National Marine Fisheries Service for Award NA10NMF4720032. FWRI File-code F2858-10-14-F. 214 pp. Access Publication  External Website.

Poulakis, G. R., H. Urakawa, P. W. Stevens, J. A. DeAngelo, A. A. Timmers, R. D. Grubbs, A. T. Fisk, and J. A. Olin. 2017. Sympatric elasmobranchs and fecal samples provide insight into trophic ecology of the smalltooth sawfish. Endangered Species Research 32:491–506. doi: 10.3354/esr00824

Scharer, R. M., W. F. Patterson III, J. K. Carlson, and G. R. Poulakis. 2012. Age and growth of endangered smalltooth sawfish (Pristis pectinata) verified with LA-ICP-MS analysis of vertebrae. PLoS ONE 7(10):e47850, 8 pp. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0047850. Access Publication External Website

Scharer, R. M., P. W. Stevens, C. P. Shea, and G. R. Poulakis. 2017. All nurseries are not created equal: large-scale habitat use patterns in two smalltooth sawfish nurseries. Endangered Species Research 34:473–492. doi: 10.3354/esr00871

Seitz, J. C. and G. R. Poulakis. 2002. Recent occurrence of sawfishes (Elasmobranchiomorphi: Pristidae) along the southwest coast of Florida (USA). Florida Scientist 65(4):256-266. Access Publication External Website

Seitz, J.C. and G.R. Poulakis. 2006. Anthropogenic effects on the smalltooth sawfish (Pristis pectinata) in the United States. Marine Pollution Bulletin 52:1533-1540.
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Simpfendorfer, C. A., G. R. Poulakis, P. M. O'Donnell, and T. R. Wiley. 2008. Growth rates of juvenile smalltooth sawfish Pristis pectinata Latham in the western Atlantic. Journal of Fish Biology 72:711-723. Access Publication External Website.  

Simpfendorfer, C. A., T. R. Wiley, and B. G. Yeiser. 2010. Improving conservation planning for an endangered sawfish using data from acoustic telemetry. Biological Conservation 143:1460-1469. doi: 10.1016/j.biocon.2010.03.021

Simpfendorfer, C. A., B. G. Yeiser, T. R. Wiley, G. R. Poulakis, P. W. Stevens, and M. R. Heupel. 2011. Environmental influences on the spatial ecology of juvenile smalltooth sawfish (Pristis pectinata): Results from acoustic monitoring. PLoS ONE 6(2):1-12. e16918. doi: 10.1371/journal/pone.0016918. Access Publication External Website

Snelson, F. F., Jr. and S. E. Williams. 1981. Notes on the occurrence, distribution, and biology of elasmobranch fishes in the Indian River Lagoon system, Florida. Estuaries 4:110-120.

Thorson, T. B. 1976. Observations on the reproduction of the sawfish, Pristis perotteti, in Lake Nicaragua, with recommendations for its conservation. pp. 641-650 In: T.B. Thorson (ed.) Investigations of the Ichthyofauna of Nicaraguan Lakes, School of Life Sciences, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska.

Thorson, T. B. 1982. Life history implications of a tagging study of the largetooth sawfish, Pristis perotteti, in the Lake Nicaragua-San Juan system. Environmental Biology of Fishes 7:207-228.

Thorson, T. B. 1982. The impact of commercial exploitation on sawfish and shark populations in Lake Nicaragua. Fisheries 7:2-10.

Waters, J. D., R. Coelho, J. Fernandez-Carvalho, A. A. Timmers, T. R. Wiley, J. C. Seitz, M. T. McDavitt, G. H. Burgess, and G. R. Poulakis. 2014. Use of encounter data to model spatio-temporal distribution patterns of endangered Smalltooth Sawfish, Pristis pectinata, in the western Atlantic. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems. doi: 10.1002/aqc.2461

Whitty, J. M., D. L. Morgan, S. C. Peverell, D. C. Thorburn, and S. J. Beatty. 2009. Ontogenetic depth partitioning by juvenile freshwater sawfish (Pristis microdon: Pristidae) in a riverine environment. Marine and Freshwater Research 60:306-316. doi: 10.1071/MF08169

Wiley, T. R., C. A. Simpfendorfer, V. V. Faria, and M. T. McDavitt. 2008. Range, sexual dimorphism and bilateral asymmetry of rostral tooth counts in the smalltooth sawfish Pristis pectinata Latham (Chondrichthyes: Pristidae) of the southeastern United States. Zootaxa 1870:51-59.

Wueringer, B. E., L. Squire, Jr., S. M. Kajiura, N. S. Hart, and S. P. Collin. 2012. The function of the sawfish’s saw. Current Biology 22:150-151.



FWC Facts:
After reaching sexual maturity at 4-7 years, female manatees give birth to an average of one calf every 2-3 years. The calf stays with its mother for up to 2 years.

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