Resource Guide For Public Health Response To Harmful Algal Blooms In Florida

Based on recommendations from the FHABTF Public Health Technical Panel, this technical report updates and expands on the 1999 "White Paper." It provides information for managers to develop localized public health response plans to HABs.

When using this report please reference:

Abbott,G. M., J. H. Landsberg, A. R. Reich, K. A. Steidinger, S.Ketchen, and C. Blackmore. 2009. Resource guide for public health response to harmful algal blooms in Florida. Fish and Wildlife Research Institute Technical Report TR-14. viii + 132 p.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PREFACE
ACKNOWLEDGMENT OF PARTICIPANTS
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Chapter 1 Background on Harmful Algal Blooms

INTRODUCTION

BREVETOXINS AND NEUROTOXIC SHELLFISH POISONING

SAXITOXIN, PUFFER FISH POISONING, AND SAXITOXIN PUFFER FISH POISONING

CIGUATOXIN AND CIGUATERA FISH POISONING

CYANOBACTERIA (BLUE-GREEN ALGAE) AND CYANOTOXIN POISONING

EMERGING HAB THREATS TO PUBLIC HEALTH

OTHER POTENTIAL HAB PROBLEMS

Chapter 2 Agency Responsibility Matrices

AQUATIC ANIMAL MORTALITY RESPONSIBILITY AND/OR AUTHORITY

ENVIRONMENTAL SAMPLING RESPONSIBILITY AND/OR AUTHORITY

SHELLFISH RESPONSIBILITY AND/OR AUTHORITY

HUMAN SURVEILLANCE RESPONSIBILITY AND/OR AUTHORITY

Chapter 3 Available Resources and Databases

ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING DATA

ANIMAL SURVEILLANCE DATA

HUMAN SURVEILLANCE DATA

PHYSIOGRAPHIC DATA

Chapter 4 Surveillance Networks and Systems

HUMAN SURVEILLANCE NETWORKS

SURVEILLANCE SYSTEMS USED BY FDOH

SURVEILLANCE SYSTEMS MAINTAINED BY OTHER AGENCIES

Chapter 5 Regulatory Guidelines

SHELLFISH

FISH

DRINKING WATER

RECREATIONAL WATERS

BLUE-GREEN ALGAE DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS

 

Chapter 6 Outreach Resources

INFORMATION, EDUCATION, AND COMMUNICATION

ONLINE RESOURCES

RESPONDING TO THE PRESS AND PUBLIC

DEVELOPING AN EFFECTIVE PRESS RELEASE

 

Chapter 7 Management Strategies for Mitigation of HABs

MITIGATION ACTIVITIES

THE RED TIDE CONTROL AND MITIGATION PROGRAM

 

Chapter 8 Research Needs

FLORIDA HAB PUBLIC HEALTH RESEARCH NEEDS

PUBLIC HEALTH POLICY NEEDS, APPLICATIONS FOR HAB RESEARCH

IDENTIFIED RESOURCES

 

Chapter 9 Activity Flowcharts

DEFINITION

PURPOSE OF FLOWCHARTS

SAMPLE FLOWCHARTS

EXAMPLES OF CASE-HISTORY EVENT RESPONSES

 

Chapter 10 Literature Cited

Appendices

A Maps of Specific Areas of Florida at High Risk for HAB Exposures (by County)

B Medical Fact Sheets and Case Definitions

C Human Health Threats from Harmful Algal Bloom Species

D Known or Potentially Toxic or Harmful Algal Species in Florida

E Examples of Guidelines for Cyanobacteria in Recreational Waters

F Bibliography of Significant Literature

G Glossary

H Acronyms and Abbreviations

I Agency Contacts, Scientists, and Managers

Figures

4.1 EpiCom Web site forums screen

4.2 Merlin®Web site home page

4.3 Food,Water and Vector-borne Surveillance System (FWVSS) Web site home page

5.1 Example of an FWC-FWRI red tide status report map, Karenia brevis counts

6.1 Example 1-Sample news release

6.2 Example 2-Sample health advisory/press release

6.3 Example 3-Sample health advisory/press release

6.4 Example 4-Sample health advisory/press release

6.5 Example 5-Frequently asked questions about Florida red tide and their toxins

6.6 Example of red tide facts handout

9.1 Foodborne illness flowchart, Florida Department of Health investigation methods

9.2 Flowchart for blue-green algae or cyanobacterial bloom response for water treatment plants and water bodies in Florida (recreational and other)

9.3 Neurotoxic shellfish poisoning event in 2006

9.4 Aerosol brevetoxin, red tide event

9.5 Shellfish poisoning event (general)

9.6 Saxitoxin puffer fish poisoning event 2002

Tables

5.1 Examples of drinking water guidelines for cyanotoxins

5.2 WHO guidelines for cyanobacterial exposure in recreational waters

5.3 Examples of state guidelines for cyanobacteria in recreational waters

A PDF version of FWC Fish and Wildlife Research Institute Technical Report TR-14 is available for download at http://research.myfwc.com/publications/publication_info.asp?id=58596.



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