Fish and Wildlife Research Institute


Publications and Products

The HAB group at FWRI publishes and presents information and research about red tide and other harmful algal blooms. View products and publications from red tide studies and symposia.

HAB Publications

Scientists with the FWC's Fish and Wildlife Research Institute publish results of their research on harmful algae in books, journals, and other professional publications. Some of the following article titles contain a link to a page where you can order or download them.

Red Tide Sea Stats

This Sea Stats brochure, produced by and available from the Outreach Coordination Office, describes the red tide organism, its growth and distribution, and how red tides affect marine life and people.

A Primer on Gulf of Mexico HABs

Learn about harmful algal blooms (HABs) in the Gulf of Mexico. This document details their causes and effects, how managers respond to blooms and how you can help reduce the potential for blooms. (PDF File - 5.5 MB)

ECOHAB: Karenia

The Ecology and Oceanography of Harmful Algal Blooms (ECOHAB) program is a national study of harmful algal blooms. ECOHAB: Karenia is a subproject that focuses on Karenia brevis, the Florida red tide organism.

Red Tides on the West Florida Shelf

This document is the result of a multi-agency and multi-disciplinary investigation of the ecology and nutrient dynamics of Karenia blooms in Southwest Florida. It summarizes complex data for managers. (PDF File - 1.41 MB)

Red Tides of the West Florida Shelf: Science and Management

This educational tool summarizes a multi-agency investigation including the dynamics, economic cost, research and management of Florida red tides. (PDF File - 3.82 MB)

7th Symposium on Harmful Algae in the US – Agenda, Abstracts and Participants

Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission and Mote Marine Laboratory co-hosted the Seventh Symposium on Harmful Algae in the U.S. The symposium took place in Sarasota, FL from Oct. 27-31, 2013. The proceedings contain the agenda; abstracts from the oral sessions, speed talks, and poster presentations; and a list of participants from the conference. (PDF File – 3.95 MB)


The ECOHAB: Florida program is part of a national, coordinated study of regional harmful algal blooms in the United States.

Red Tide Control and Mitigation Grants

Between 2007 and 2009, FWRI administered a competitive grant program that solicited proposals to evaluate or implement projects exploring environmentally acceptable techniques or technologies for red tide control or mitigation.

Ballast Water and the Transport of Harmful Algae

Numerous aquatic organisms may be introduced into nonnative environments when commercial cargo ships exchange ballast water with nearshore waters. FWRI is investigating the risks of potentially harmful microalgae entering Tampa Bay through ballast water.

Proceedings of the Xth International Conference on Harmful Algae, October 2002

The Xth International Conference on Harmful Algae was held in St. Pete Beach, Florida, from October 21 to 25, 2002. The Proceedings contain oral and poster presentations, special sessions, and auxiliary material from the conference.

Cyanotoxin Detection and Quantification and Instrumentation Workshop

Participants in this 2001 workshop met to discuss the use of probes, sensors, and other instruments to detect blue-green algal species and toxins. The workshop focused on the needs of the drinking water industry.

Harmful Algal Blooms in Florida ("White Paper")

This report, also called the "White Paper," was prepared by the Harmful Algal Bloom Task Force Technical Advisory Group. It was submitted to the Task Force in 1999.

Resource Guide For Public Health Response To Harmful Algal Blooms In Florida

Based on recommendations from the FHABTF Public Health Technical Panel, this technical report updates and expands on the 1999 "White Paper." It provides information for managers to develop localized public health response plans to HABs.

FWC Facts:
Seagrasses are not true grasses and are actually more closely related to lilies.

Learn More at AskFWC