Fish and Wildlife Research Institute

Halophila decipiens paddle grass photo.jpg

Halophila decipiens paddle grass

Kingdom: PLANTAE
Division: ANTHOPHYTA
Class: MONOCOTYLEDONEAE
Order: HELOBIAE
Family: HYDROCHARITACEAE
Genus: Halophila
Species: decipiens

PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION

  • Halophila is the only genus of seagrasses whose leaves do not have basal sheaths
  • Leaves are roundish or ovate and commonly referred to as "paddle shaped"
  • Leaf blades are 1- 2. 5 cm long and 3- 6 mm wide
  • Leaf margins are serrulate
  • Thin rhizome
  • At the base of the leaf there are 2 scales
  • Monoecious
  • Annual
HABITAT
  • Grows in water 10- 30 m deep but is found up to 85 m deep
  • Euryhaline
DISTRIBUTION
  • Distributed in the Indian Ocean and tropical parts of the Pacific and western Atlantic Oceans


Image Credit: Ronald C. Phillips



FWC Facts:
Pyrodinium bahamense, an HAB organism that blooms each summer in Tampa Bay and Indian River Lagoon, chemically lights up to glow in the dark. This is called bioluminescence.

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