Black Drum

Black Drum: Pogonias cromis

Florida Regulations:  


 Gulf State Waters  Atlantic State Waters
 Slot Limit Slot Limit of 14” to 24” with one fish over 24” 
 Daily Bag Limit  5 per harvester per day (bag limit can include one over 24”) 

Gear Requirements:

  • Legal Gear: hook and line, cast net, seine, spear or gig
  • Illegal Gear: Cannot harvest using any multiple hook in conjunction with live or dead natural bait; Snatching prohibited

State Waters Harvest Seasons

Habitat and Fishing Tips:

Black drum are primarily inshore fish and are found throughout the year in river mouths, bays and estuaries. They are bottom dwellers and often feed around oyster beds, docks, bridge pilings and other structures where their favorite forage species are present. Black drum have pharyngeal teeth or teeth in the pharyngeal arch of the throat that are adapted to crush hard shelled crustaceans and mollusks. Their favorite foods include crabs, shrimp, clams, oysters and small fish. Anglers typically use cut bait, shrimp, sand fleas or blue crabs as bait, and it is very important to keep the bait on the bottom where the drum feed. Tackle requirements are dependent on the size of fish being targeted, the location and current.  Bait-casting or spinning tackle with 15 to 30 pound test line would be suitable for most conditions.    

State Record:

96 lbs, caught near Fernandina Beach

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Image Credit: Diane Rome Peebles

FWC Facts:
Sharks have eyelid-like membranes that protect their eyes when eating.

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