Critical Wildlife Areas

Critical Wildlife Areas (CWAs) are established by the FWC under the Florida Administrative Code to protect important wildlife concentrations from human disturbance during critical periods of their life cycles, such as nesting or migration. The landowner must support the CWA designation before a site can be considered for establishment. For each CWA, the boundaries and periods of time when portions of the area may be posted are defined in the CWA establishment order. Public access is restricted within CWAs only if posted, “Closed to public access.” Dogs, vehicles and vessels are also prohibited from posted areas. The boundary of a CWA may be larger than the posted area because the areas suitable for wildlife may shift. This also allows for only those areas important for wildlife to be posted at any given time. Thus, the area closed within the CWA boundary each year may change.


Learn more about newly designated CWAs.




Management of Critical Wildlife Areas is multi-faceted. Posting of the areas, maintenance and removal of the signs is coordinated by the FWC with the assistance of partners. Monitoring the birds is done by FWC biologists, Audubon Florida staff, volunteers and partners. The FWC and partners also engage in habitat management such as removal of exotic plants and predator control. Protection efforts are coordinated with local government, other agencies, organizations and FWC law enforcement personnel, as appropriate.

Almost all active CWAs support listed species, the most notable of which include: Alafia Banks (wading birds, oystercatchers and pelican rookeries); ABC Islands (wading birds and pelican rookeries); Fort George Inlet (terns and black skimmers); St. George Causeway (least terns); and Big Marco Pass (least terns, black skimmers, plovers and wintering shorebirds).

For additional information regarding Critical Wildlife Areas, please contact the CWA coordinator.

The map below shows all existing CWAs as well as those approved in November 2016 by the Commission.

St. George Causeway ABC Islands Gerome's Cave Tyndall Alligator Point Amelia Island Bird Islands Fort George Inlet Mantanzas Inlet Alafia Banks Myakka River Little Estero Island Rookery Island Deerfield Island Park Bill Sadowski Big Marco Pass Caxambas Pass Pelican Shoal  CWAMapResized.jpg

FWC Facts:
Approximately 1.7 million acres of Florida's remaining natural areas have been invaded by nonindigenous plant species, which have degraded and diminished our ecosystem.

Learn More at AskFWC